|Background - The naval arms race between Germany and England leading up and during World War I was intense and lead to major advancements in warship
development, especially in dreadnought design. SMS Baden and her sister ship Bayern were the penultimate German battleship design of this era and were built largely
in response to the British Queen Elizabeth class. The 32,000 ton Bayern class battleships were the first German vessels to mount 15-inch (380mm) guns, with eight
fitted in four twin turrets and were also the only German battleships with tripod masts. The Queen Elizabeth class also displaced 32,000 tons and carried eight 15"
guns. The two classes had similar profiles, but the British ships were longer (645' vs 591'), narrower (90' vs 98') and faster (25 knots vs 22 knots).
The Bayern-class design adopted the centerline, superimposed dual mount gun layout of the preceding König-class but without the amidships turret. Her secondary
armament consisted of sixteen 5.9-inch (150mm) guns fitted in casemates along the hull. Baden’s keel was laid down on December 20, 1913 and launched on October
30, 1915. Baden commissioning was delayed until on October 19, 1916, so she was not available to participate at Jutland. While Baden was made fleet flagship in
1917, she actually saw little action. For some unknown reason, Baden was not on the initial list of ships to be interned at Scapa Flow after the armistice, but she did set
sail for Scapa Flow in January of 1919, a few months after the bulk of the fleet. On June 21, 1919, German crews executed a mass scuttling of the High Seas Fleet,
but British sailors managed to board Baden and beached her before she sank. She was raised a month later and was used for various armor experiments before she was
sunk as a target ship in 1921.