|As the initial two County Class destroyers were ordered, the Admiralty buckled down to the initial requirements for a follow up design of guided missile destroyer. The new design would be further
tailored as an escort for a new fleet carrier design, CVA-01. As with the County Class, a dual steam and gas turbine power plant COSAG was selected for propulsion. The carrier never came to be but
this new destroyer design was called Type 82. The Type 82 was an one-off design with only HMS Bristol built. Larger than the County Class, the Bristol was 507-feet overall with a 53-foot beam. She
displaced 6,100-tons standard and 7,100-tons full load. It has a unique three funnel design with the steam plant exhaust through the forward funnel and the gas turbine exhaust through the side-by-side
aft funnels. The steam plant had two Babcock and Wilcox boilers turning geared steam turbines and generated 30,000shp. The two Olympus gas turbines generated 44,000shp and the combined power
plant produced a maximum speed of 30-knots and a range of 5,000nm at 18-knots. Three new weapons systems were mounted on the Bristol. The Sea Dart SAM, was designed to replace the Seaslug
and was a vast improvement over the first missile. All operational characteristics were much superior, as it was lighter, smaller, faster, and more accurate. The second new weapon system was the
Ikara anti-submarine missile with a ten mile range. The third new system was the Mk 8 automatic 4.5-inch gun. It was thought that missiles had taken over the anti-aircraft role, so the Mk 8 was not
dual purpose. The Limbo anti-submarine mortar was also carried in a well at the stern. No helicopter was carried.
Initial plans called for four Type 82s with another four to follow as earlier destroyers were retired. However, politics raised its head as in 1966 the new Labour government decided that the Royal Navy,
inventor of the aircraft carrier, would no longer be in the aircraft carrier business. Not only did the government cancel the CVA-01 but also declared it would retire the existing in service carriers. With
design purpose being eliminating, as there would be no carriers to escort, all future plans for further Type 82 destroyers went into the scuppers and only Bristol was ordered. Bristol was ordered on
October 4, 1966 and laid down on November 15, 1967. It was decided that the Bristol would be built to test the new weapons systems and electronics. Bristol was launched on June 30, 1969 but not
commissioned until 1973. This was followed by lengthy trials and in November 1974 a fire destroyed her steam plant. Bristol continued the trials powered by the gas turbines only. She went through a
refit in 1976-1977, during which the steam plant was replaced. It took another two years before Bristol to operational status. This also marked some changes Corvus chaff launchers were added, as
wall two 20mm single gun mounts on a platform below the bridge and new radar added to the mainmast. The Limbo mortar was landed and the well covered, to allow a flight deck.